WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?
The word artificial intelligence technology isn’t fiction: its real and its gaining wider usage. The ability of a digital computer or computer controlled the robot to perform tasks com-manly associated with intelligent beings.
WHAT ARE THE MODELS THAT WE SOMETIMES USE TO DESCRIBE WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?
Is the agent model
An agent is a thing which can sense and act upon some environment, it has knowledge and its able to learn from those experiences where it senses things where it receives percepts from its sensors records those in a knowledge base and then learns from those actions and then make decisions that function that you see this is sometimes called as the agent function that is the portion of the agent that make decisions.
FEATURES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Right now artificial intelligence is at the level comparable to less intelligent animals or insects.
So is it possible to further reach human intelligence level ?
It depends there are “Cognitivists”, who believe the human consciousness can be simulated and “Anti- cognitivists” who believe it to be impossible.
TYPES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE(AI)
1. REACTIVE MACHINE AI
2. LIMITED MEMORY AI
3. THEORY OF MIND AI
4. SELF AWARENESS AI
5. NARROW AI
6. GENERAL AI
7. SUPER HUMAN AI
REACTIVE MACHINE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE [Purely Reactive]
- A basic form of artificial intelligence.
- Perceives its environment/situation.
- Acts on what it sees.
- Cant memories or draw from past decisions.
- Specializes only in one area.
LIMITED MEMORY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
- This type considers pieces of past information and adds them to its pre-programmed representation.
- It has just enough memory or experience to make the proper decision.
THEORY OF MIND
- This type is more intelligent, as it reacts according to understand people thoughts and emotion.
- It has the capacity to understand emotions and thoughts which affect human behavior.
- It can comprehend feelings, motives, intentions, expectations, interact socially.
- These machines can adjust with people around, build social interactions, predict how people expect to be treated and thus behave according to expectations.
SELF AWARE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
- This is extension of the theory of mind type of AI.
- In a sense, self awareness concept refers to the consciousness.
- So this type of machines is more aware of their needs and internal sense than the human beings.
- Also, these machines have the ability to understand consciousness which we don’t.
- It represents about themselves.
- This type of artificial intelligence can predict the feelings of others.
- People are being confused whether this ai is going to help or destroy us in the future.
ARTIFICIAL NARROW INTELLIGENCE
- Sometimes referred to as we care artificial narrowing collagen is there either specializes in one area or has one dedicated program.
- We see today a natural language processing image in facial recognition predictive modeling and classification narrow ai under pins many commercial services such as trip planning stance filtering shopping recommendations and is finding important applications and medical diagnosis education scientific research.
- Artificial narrow intelligence is a specific type of artificial intelligence in which a technology outperforms humans in some very narrowly defined task.
- A lot of the major companies such as google IBM Amazon and Microsoft now provide foundation a and i services this allows the golfers that nearby develops new applications that utilize the ranch acknowledges.
ARTIFICIAL GENERAL INTELLIGENCE(AGI)
- It sometimes referred to a strong ai or human ai.
- Artificial general intelligence refers to a computer that is as smart as a human machine that can perform any intellectual tasks that a human being can results of scientists surveyed and predicted that we will at the level of AGI by the year 2040.
- There is a theory that once you reach the level of artificial general intelligence the out-come of that will be an intelligent explosion that will quickly lead to artificial super intelligence where we are today.
- It is used to describe real intelligent systems.
- Real intelligent systems are those which have the ability to take decisions irrespective of any previous training.
- Although the boundaries of ai can be uncertain one thing to note is that core objective of our research and development has been to automate or replicate intelligent behavior the benefits of sharing risk.
ARTIFICIAL SUPER HUMAN INTELLIGENCE
WHAT IS SINGULARITY THEORY?
A technological singularity is a hypothetical event related to the advent of artificial general intelligence.
But, narrow artificial intelligence focuses on a single subset of cognitive abilities and it also advances in that spectrum.
ARTIFICIAL SUPER HUMAN INTELLIGENCE
- It is a hypothetical agent.
- An intellect that is much smarter than the best human brains in practically every field, including scientific creativity, general wisdom and social skills.
- ASI is the main reason their concern around artificial intelligence and why Elon Musk’s dated- “I think we should be very careful about artificial intelligence pirate gift at what our biggest existential threat is its probably that movies and T.V common for trade this statement negative life, the researchers have a more positive view of the future”.
- The US government releases document and they plan to prepare flawed official intelligence.
- It possesses intelligence far surpassing that of the brightest and most gifted human minds.
- The U.S government releases document and how they plan to prepare flawed official intelligence.
PROBLEMS WITH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
One basic problem lies in the question of what intelligence is exactly?
David Gelernter, a Yale professor says artificial intelligence is “lost in the woods“. As what is human conscious ? Gelernter argues that we can’t construct a conscious artificial intelligence without even knowing what exactly the conscious is.
Without this cognitive, AI has no comprehensive view of thoughts it tends to ignore some thoughts modes is uncertain how to integrate emotion and thought.
Real Life Applications of AI Research areas
Examples- Flight Tracking System , Clinical Systems.
NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING
Examples- Google now feature, Speech recognition, Automatic Voice Output.
Examples- Pattern recognition systems such as face recognition, character recognition, handwriting recognition.
Examples- Industrial robots for moving, spraying, painting, precision checking, drilling, cleaning, coating, carving etc.
FUZZY LOGIC SYSTEM
Examples- consumers electronics, automobiles etc.
STRONG MIND DISCUSS IDEAS,
AVERAGE MINDS DISCUSS EVENTS,
WEAK MIND DISCUSS PEOPLE.